A definition of web hosting
As its name signifies, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting web content. There are different forms and types of web hosting, depending on the aims and on the functions. Still, they all pertain to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available throughout the World Wide Web. A web host is in fact a server that is connected to the Web and has its very own IP address, which allows people to have access to it through the World Wide Web. The server's architecture and its resources are determined by the form of web hosting solution it's going to be used for.
What are the different types of hosting?
Based on the application, the business hosting solution may be:
File Storage Web Hosting - this type of hosting allows the clients to store their files on a given web server. With the common file hosting service, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the client that's availing of the service. This web hosting solution usually applies to backups of PCs , docs, personal files and even other hosting servers. This solution may also involve given limitations in terms of the server space and the root access. There may also be web traffic quota limits, but that depends on the given service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting solution is quite similar to the previous hosting service type. Still, unlike the file hosting solution, the warez hosting solution is utilized for disseminating copyrighted work without being given the go-ahead by the license proprietor. In brief - it is related to the criminal circulation of files and documents. There are lots of methods for this to be achieved, but the two principal ways are - through plain HTTP downloading and through P2P connections. The first way involves either a given website, or, most typically, just a directory on a server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thereby download patented documents free of charge. The second approach entails a peer-to-peer connection, utilizing the so-called Torrent web servers, via which users swap files between each other. There aren't many webspace hosting suppliers that permit such type of hosting on their web servers, mostly because of all the legal predicaments that it involves. Commonly such sites are hosted on personal dedicated web hosting servers that are registered by 3rd party firms either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Electronic Mail Web Hosting - this solution is relevant with both shared site hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, based on the user's desire. If you wish to run your own personal SMTP email server, then you will need either a virtual web hosting server or a dedicated web hosting server that provides the access level needed to carry out such an assignment. For ordinary e-mail web hosting purposes, however, you can set up an average shared website hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a service that's widely used, because the site hosting and the electronic mail hosting services are being served by 2 separate web servers, usually belonging to separate companies.
Site Hosting - the most popular and universally used hosting service nowadays. It's used for hosting website files, whose sort is dependent on the Operating System the web server is running - Linux or Windows. Different types of files demand different hosting server OSs, or else they won't be exhibited correctly on the Internet. This type of hosting may involve data storage and web traffic restrictions, root access and CPU usage limits.
Based on the goals and on the usage, the user should choose the sort of web hosting server that he needs for his work, and, of course, the webspace hosting vendor that's going to furnish it. There are several types of servers, based on the configuration and the site hosting solutions that they offer. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared web hosting server provides a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small size and medium sized web pages, which do not demand large amounts of disk space and web traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they function on the same principle as the shared web hosting servers. In spite of that, there are much fewer customers accommodated on the same web server. Hence, each of them will have a greater share of the web hosting server's resources like RAM, data storage space, web traffic and CPU. Ideal for hosting bulky web pages that do not need complete root-level access.
VPS hosting - the virtual web hosting servers are perfect for medium size websites, which do require root-level access to the web hosting server's configuration files. Normally, there are several private virtual web server accounts accommodated on the same machine. Nevertheless, each of them is isolated from the others and has its own OS.
Dedicated Server - a completely dedicated web server configured and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees a big quantity of resources. It also includes full server root access, which renders it an ideal platform for any kind of website that requires a website hosting solution.
The only question that remains is:
Which webspace hosting provider should I select?
As already stated, there aren't many providers providing warez hosting services because of judicial troubles. Such providers are being closed down practically every month. Therefore, if you desire to start such a service, you should do it on your very own computer. The shared web page hosting solution is the most famous type of web hosting service. Because of that, each and every website hosting provider offers it. Not all of them, however, provide solutions such as virtual servers, semi-dedicated servers and dedicated web hosting servers. Most of the small sized webspace hosting firms do not have the resources demanded for maintaining those solutions. That is the reason why it's invariably best to select a larger hosting company that can provide its customers with all the solutions that they seek. You can effortlessly recognize such hosting companies by the types of solutions that they are making available and by the way that they introduce them to the clientele. For instance, some hosting providers permit you to start with a smaller web hosting plan and afterwards move to a more powerful one, if you find it obligatory to do so. This is quite convenient, because you do not need to transmit sites between web servers and there is no possibility of experiencing service disturbances because of all the predicaments that may appear. Web hosting providers such as Free Hostia provide all types of solutions and have the adequate web hosting server resources and staff to ensure that their customers will not come across any troubles when swapping services, which is what a top hosting supplier is actually all about.